Apache 2 does (Apache/2.2.22 on my RPi) didn’t have mod-rewrite set up from scratch. It took a fair bit off work to get it up and running since there are now a zillion different places you have to find to make all the changes.
$ sudo a2enmod rewrite
Edit the sites-available/default file
$ sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/default
And edit the Directory directive
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
#allow from all
But that took too long to solve :/